Personal Finance

Trading in Stocks 101: How To Pick Bargain Stocks

The basic presumption is investors trading in stocks have only one goal: to build the asset column in their personal balance sheet.

Trading in stocks is a highly technical venture that requires financial literacy skills, astute management of personal finances and like every entrepreneurship venture, a bit of luck. By the end of this article you will not morph into some stock trading guru. However, with this guide, you will be able to comb through stock options and enumerate a list of attractive stocks. From this list, with further research, you may find bargain stock.


In the simplest of terms, a bargain stock is an under valued stock. It is one which its future prospects suggest as good return on your investment when traded. At other times, a bargain stock is one which might earn less from price gains but yield an attractive return in dividends. Such stocks might at times return average returns as dividend stocks but offer inflation beating returns; such that if you assume a hold position, its returns will help in the attainment of personal finance planning goals.


In our article on the basics of stock trading, we discussed the importance of investors understanding the world that they live in. Moving on, these considerations that every investor should consider when embarking on stock trading illustrate the importance of practicing this initial step. The primacy of consuming news and data, whilst searching for patterns within them, can never be more emphasized when trading in stocks.

First, success in trading in stocks in a globalized economy like the 21st Century is invariably a transnational endeavor. Moreover, it’s limiting to domesticate your thinking. This is especially so because success trading in stocks can be also found beyond one’s country’s stock markets.

Granted, for a beginner trying to cut their teeth playing the stock markets, involvement in overseas trading may be too much of an ask. However, as we suggested in our article on the basics of stock trading, an investment banker or stock trader is an invaluable partner in this journey. Therefore, always retain the services of someone with knowledge in trading in stocks. That said, you shouldn’t let them do the thinking for you.

The Value Of A Diversified Portfolio By Trading In Stocks Across Several Markets

Scouring regional markets when trading is stocks offers a lifeline for diversification of your portfolio. Save for Black Swan events such as the Arab Springs of 2010, potential losses in one market can be leveraged by realized gains in another.

Moreover, the beautiful thing about money in a globalized economy is that it moves freely. Recent developments such as ratification of the African Continental Free Trade Area only bodes well for investors in African stock markets. Further, as a general rule, money moves to environments where it can grow best.

Therefore, with proper research, often the returns on investment is so attractive. The topography of trading in stocks in Africa is such that playing in several regional bourses can yield satisfactory returns for the savvy investor. Also consider that the global economy is an interesting place with all the realignments taking place in the aftermath of the 2009 economic meltdown. As a result of this re engineering, Africa and other frontier markets

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The Mixed Bag That Is Dabbing In Frontier Markets

The economic crisis brought into focus regions that just a few decades ago were at the fringes of world trade. Though risks could be higher in overseas stock trading, these emerging markets are doing their part to attract the much needed foreign direct investment.

A case in point was the much touted BRICS grouping that brought together Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa. These countries were once reputed to be waiting in line to ascend to the pinnacle of world trade. While this prediction return a mixed bad of fortunes over the period 2009 to 2010: Brazil posting negative growth of -3.6 by 2016; Russia and South Africa being largely flat with South Africa in positive territory whilst Russia barely had its head above water; and China largely contracting, frontier markets continued to post steady returns.

Take the example of the East African Community which brings together Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and possibly soon South Sudan; is Africa’s most economically integrated economic block.  It’s a region with a population of 169 million plus; a GDP of $172 billion (2017); an educated workforce and is rich in natural resources including oil. Most of its economies have been expanding at +5% GDP growth over the last decade. Without doubt, over the period, there must have been cherry picks of counters (e.g Safaricom) that have returned handsomely for savvy investors trading in stocks.


Having identified the regions of the world that might offer the best returns for your money, the next step in trading in stocks is to identify the key growth sectors in the economies of the regions you have identified. For example, it might surprise you to know that small economies like Kenya are the leading the world in new age money. The success of companies such as Safaricom with world beating innovations in fintech and mobile money has served well their investors .

Another consideration is the type and scale of investments occuring in the economy. For example, in rapidly growing economies, infrastructure is always a sure bet. Therefore companies in this sector of the economy tend to do well in the short to medium term. Moreover, companies with large land holdings also benefit as the value of their land gets unlocked with opening up of areas.

All said, an investor who does his homework well could end up with a full basket of stocks on which to assume different positions and outlooks. However, the wisdom of your stock pick depends largely on the quality of your homework.


Once the investor has narrowed down the region and sectors that promise healthy returns in their stock trading endeavors, pin pointing the actual bargain stocks is their next challenge. To navigate this hurdle, an intimate knowledge of certain stock metrics is needed. These stock indices include: The price to earnings (P/E) ratios; stock liquidity as indicated by the numbers traded over a period vis a vis the issued stocks; the Net Asset Value (NAV) of a stock and the Earnings Per Share (EPS).

These stock when interpreted together, paint a picture of the true value of a stock. Remember, price is what you pay while value is what you get. Thankfully, these measures are readily available online from the business sections of your local daily and stock data vendors.

As daunting as they sound, they are actually fairly easy mathematical measures that anyone competent in basic arithmetic can navigate. We shall discuss each of these stock indices in our next part of this series. We shall digest them so as to enable your use of them to good effect whilst trading in stocks.

Till next time, Happy Stock Trading

Know. Own. Be. Live the African Century. Everyday Tips on Life, Style, Entrepreneurship and Careers for the 21st Century African


Fashion & Style Lifestyle

Get Your Bra Game Right, 6 Things Your African Mum Most Probably Didn’t tell You

Growing up African, there’s stuff on everyday living that your parents won’t tell you. Neither will they be taught in school. Like the embarrassing reality that wrong underwear ruins a perfectly good outfit; worse, makes it trashy. like a good stiletto, when you give your body the right type of support, with the ideal bra for your size, you not also look good, but feel good.

How To Know When You Brassiere Game Is Lame

The Brassiere or simply bra, must be the most neglected piece of women underwear. Not many women place enough thought into their bra game. It is not uncommon to notice the tell tale signs of an ill fitting bra in an otherwise classy woman.

An ideal bra should be invisible and accentuate your normal curves: even when wearing a popup bra, the semicircle should be smooth. It shouldn’t like a blown up balloon tucked into a shirt’s breast pocket.

Many women fail to realize that brassieres are specifically made for lifting the breast; to have them well supported and looking perky (even if they are not). Therefore

These following style tips to getting your brassiere game right can be condensed into a simple life mantra: Get your bra size determined to get your actual size. Do so every often especially after life conditions like pregnancy, weight gain or weight loss. If you do not have the right bra, buy one.

Are You Wearing The Right Bra Size?

Image of human silhouette a guide to European bra sizes.
Image showing estimates of European brassieres sizes. Remember, African breast sizes are likely to be different. Use image as a rough guide. Image| Wikipedia

Too big

If the band at the back rides towards your shoulder, it is too big.

Too small

If on putting on your bra you end up with folds of flesh on your back above or below the brassiere band, then it is too tight or too small.

Too endowed?

If you have a big bust, go for brassieres with thick straps. Thin straps simply can’t handle the weight and will dig into your shoulder causing discomfort.

Is Your Bra Giving You The Right support

Too hung low

How do you know when your bra isn’t giving you the right support? When you stand up straight with your hands on your hips and place a pen under your breasts and it holds, the brassiere isn’t giving you the right support. Instead of being perky, the ‘girls’ are resting.

If when you stand in the position as above and your bust falls below and not above your elbow, the ‘girls’ are still riding too low. A big no-no is when your breasts rest on your stomach/ mid section .

Style and Your Bra

The quick fix that is a multi-way bra

Have some multi-way brassieres: those ones with detachable straps that can be worn as strapless brassieres with off shoulder outfits. Shop around and get at least one backless bras for backless outfits – the weather in most of Africa makes these ones a must have for any woman of style.

Always Keep it under wraps

A bra is underwear, duh, so the more inconspicuous it is the better. This means, that when dressing up, you must consider the color of your bra and that of your outfit. You may not have one that matches every outfit in your wardrobe, when in doubt go for a black brassiere.

As pretty as your new brassiere may be, resist the urge to draw attention to it. Though even with your best efforts that your brassier peek out from time to time, avoid fashion disasters that might ruin your style. For example, don’t wear a red bra, a black spaghetti top and a red belt to match.

Finally, avoid sleeping with bra on. Why should you ‘suffocate’ yourself? Not only is it good for your health, but it lets the ‘girls’ rest easy as you recharge.

Cityscape: Faces, Stories, Photos, Videos

China’s ‘Silk Road urbanism’ is changing cities from London to Kampala – can locals keep control?

Amid this geopolitical competition, Silk Road urbanism will exert significant influence over how cities develop into the 21st century

Kampala is a hilly city bracing for a new wave of Silk road urbanism
View of Kampala. Shutterstock.

Jonathan Silver, University of Sheffield and Alan Wiig, University of Massachusetts Boston

A massive redevelopment of the old Royal Albert Dock in East London is transforming the derelict waterfront to a gleaming business district. The project, which started in June 2017, will create 325,000 square metres of prime office space – a “city within a city”, as it has been dubbed – for Asian finance and tech firms. Then, in 2018, authorities in Kampala, Uganda celebrated as a ferry on Lake Victoria was unloaded with goods from the Indian Ocean, onto a rail service into the city. This transport hub was the final part of the Central Corridor project, aimed at connecting landlocked Uganda to Dar es Salaam and the Indian Ocean.

Both of these huge projects are part of the US$1 trillion global infrastructure investment that is China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). China’s ambition to reshape the world economy has sparked massive infrastructure projects spanning all the way from Western Europe to East Africa, and beyond. The nation is engaging in what we, in our research, call “Silk Road urbanism” – reimagining the historic transcontinental trade route as a global project, to bring the cities of South Asia, East Africa, Europe and South America into the orbit of the Chinese economy.

By forging infrastructure within and between key cities, China is changing the everyday lives of millions across the world. The initiative has kicked off a new development race between the US and China, to connect the planet by financing large-scale infrastructure projects.

Silk Road urbanism

Amid this geopolitical competition, Silk Road urbanism will exert significant influence over how cities develop into the 21st century. As the transcontinental trade established by the ancient Silk Road once led to the rise of cities such as Herat (in modern-day Afghanistan) and Samarkand (Uzbekistan), so the BRI will bring new investment, technology, infrastructure and trade relations to certain cities around the globe.

The BRI is still in its early stages – and much remains to be understood about the impact it will have on the urban landscape. What is known, however, is that the project will transform the world system of cities on a scale not witnessed since the end of the Cold War.

Silk Road urbanism is highly selective in its deployment across urban space. It prioritises the far over the near and is orientated toward global trade and the connections and circulations of finance, materials, goods and knowledge. Because of this, the BRI should not only be considered in terms of its investment in infrastructure.

It will also have significance for city dwellers – and urban authorities must recognise the challenges of the BRI and navigate the need to secure investment for infrastructure while ensuring that citizens maintain their right to the city, and their power to shape their own future.

London calling

Developments in both London and Kampala highlight these challenges. In London, Chinese developer Advanced Business Park is rebuilding Royal Albert Dock – now named the Asian Business Port – on a site it acquired for £1 billion in 2013 in a much-criticised deal by former London mayor Boris Johnson. The development is projected to be worth £6 billion to the city’s economy by completion.

Arial map of Asian Business Port and greater London with the Thames river illustrating how established cities like London are not immune to Silk Road Urbanism
Formerly Royal Albert Dock, now Asian Business Port. Google Earth.

But the development stands in sharp contrast with the surrounding East London communities, which still suffer poverty and deprivation. The challenge will be for authorities and developers to establish trusting relations through open dialogue with locals, in a context where large urban redevelopments such as the 2012 Olympic Park have historically brought few benefits.

The creation of a third financial district, alongside Canary Wharf and the City of London, may benefit the economy. But it remains to be seen if this project will provide opportunities for, and investment in, the surrounding neighbourhoods.

Kampala’s corridor

The Ugandan capital Kampala is part of the Central Corridor project to improve transport and infrastructure links across five countries including Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. The project is financed through the government of Tanzania via a US$7.6 billion loan from the Chinese bank Exim.

Picture of an overpass under-construction along the new Entebbe-Kampala Expressway part of the One Belt Initiative ushering in Silk Road Urbanism
Under construction: the Chinese-funded Entebbe-Kampala Expressway. Dylan Patterson/Flickr., CC BY-SA

The growth of the new transport and cargo hub at Port Bell, on the outskirts of Kampala, with standardised technologies and facilities for international trade, is the crucial underlying component for Uganda’s Vision2040.

This national plan alone encompasses a further ten new cities, four international airports, national high speed rail and a multi-lane road network. But as these urban transformations unfold, residents already living precariously in Kampala have faced further uncertainty over their livelihoods, shelter and place in the city.

During fieldwork for our ongoing research into Silk Road urbanism in 2017, we witnessed the demolition of hundreds of informal homes and businesses in the popular Namuwongo district, as a zone was cleared 30 metres either side of a rehabilitated railway track for the Central Corridor required.

As Silk Road urbanism proceeds to reshape global infrastructure and city spaces, existing populations will experience displacement in ways that are likely to reinforce existing inequalities. It is vital people are given democratic involvement in shaping the outcomes.

Jonathan Silver, Senior Research Fellow, University of Sheffield and Alan Wiig, Assistant Professor of Urban Planning and Community Development, University of Massachusetts Boston

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Chinese Knowledge Economy

Will China’s Moon Landing launch a new space Race?

MMIMMC is on the beat, keeping up with Chinese Knowledge Economy in the 21st century. This article explores if China’s landing probe Chang’e 4 on the far side of the moon heralds a new space race.

File 20190103 32130 hjdxab.jpg?ixlib=rb 1.1
What will China discover on the far side of the moon? BeeBright/


Wendy Whitman Cobb, Cameron University

China became the third country to land a probe on the Moon on Jan. 2. But, more importantly, it became the first to do so on the far side of the moon, often called the dark side. The ability to land on the far side of the moon is a technical achievement in its own right, one that neither Russia nor the United States has pursued.

The probe, Chang’e 4, is symbolic of the growth of the Chinese space program and the capabilities it has amassed, significant for China and for relations among the great power across the world. The consequences extend to the United States as the Trump administration considers global competition in space as well as the future of space exploration.

One of the major drivers of U.S. space policy historically has been competition with Russia particularly in the context of the Cold War. If China’s successes continue to accumulate, could the United States find itself engaged in a new space race?

Image of surface of the moon
The far side of the moon taken by the Chang’e 4 lunar probe, Jan. 3, 2019. China National Space Administration/CNS via REUTERS

China’s achievements in space

Like the U.S. and Russia, the People’s Republic of China first engaged in space activities during the development of ballistic missiles in the 1950s. While they did benefit from some assistance from the Soviet Union, China developed its space program largely on its own. Far from smooth sailing, Mao Zedong’s Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution disrupted this early programs.

The Chinese launched their first satellite in 1970. Following this, an early human spaceflight program was put on hold to focus on commercial satellite applications. In 1978, Deng Xiaoping articulated China’s space policy noting that, as a developing country, China would not take part in a space race. Instead, China’s space efforts have focused on both launch vehicles and satellites – including communications, remote sensing and meteorology.

This does not mean the Chinese were not concerned about the global power space efforts can generate. In 1992, they concluded that having a space station would be a major sign and source of prestige in the 21st century. As such, a human spaceflight program was re-established leading to the development of the Shenzhou spacecraft. The first Chinese astronaut, or taikonaut, Yang Liwei, was launched in 2003. In total, six Shenzhou missions have carried 12 taikonauts into low earth orbit, including two to China’s first space station, Tiangong-1.

In addition to human spaceflight, the Chinese have also undertaken scientific missions like Chang’e 4. Its first lunar mission, Chang’e 1, orbited the moon in October 2007 and a rover landed on the moon in 2013. China’s future plans include a new space station, a lunar base and possible sample return missions from Mars.

man takes a photo of Chang'e 4 probe moon lander model at an exhibition
A model of the moon lander for China’s Chang’e 4 lunar probe. Wang Xu/China Space News via REUTERS

A new space race?

The most notable feature of the Chinese space program, especially compared to the early American and Russian programs, is its slow and steady pace. Because of the secrecy that surrounds many aspects of the Chinese space program, its exact capabilities are unknown. However, the program is likely on par with its counterparts.

In terms of military applications, China has also demonstrated significant skills. In 2007, it undertook an anti-satellite test, launching a ground-based missile to destroy a failed weather satellite. While successful, the test created a cloud of orbital debris that continues to threaten other satellites. The movie “Gravity” illustrated the dangers space debris poses to both satellites and humans. In its 2018 report on the Chinese military, the Department of Defense reported that China’s military space program “continues to mature rapidly.”

Rocket takes off leaving a bowl of fire at it's rear end. Signifying a new space race?
Long March-3B rocket carrying Chang’e 4 lunar probe takes off from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center. China Stringer Network/REUTERS

Despite its capabilities, the U.S., unlike other countries, has not engaged in any substantial cooperation with China because of national security concerns. In fact, a 2011 law bans official contact with Chinese space officials. Does this signal a new space race between the U.S. and China?

As a space policy researcher, I can say the answer is yes and no. Some U.S. officials, including Scott Pace, the executive secretary for the National Space Council, are cautiously optimistic about the potential for cooperation and do not see the beginning of a new space race. NASA Administrator Jim Brindenstine recently met with the head of the Chinese space program at the International Astronautical Conference in Germany and discussed areas where China and the U.S. can work together. However, increased military presence in space might spark increased competition. The Trump administration has used the threat posed by China and Russia to support its argument for a new independent military branch, a Space Force.

Regardless, China’s abilities in space are growing to the extent that is reflected in popular culture. In Andy Weir’s 2011 novel “The Martian” and its later film version, NASA turns to China to help rescue its stranded astronaut. While competition can lead to advances in technology, as the first space race demonstrated, a greater global capacity for space exploration can also be beneficial not only for saving stranded astronauts but increasing knowledge about the universe where we all live. Even if China’s rise heralds a new space race, not all consequences will be negative.

Wendy Whitman Cobb, Associate Professor of Political Science, Cameron University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Overcome Failures In Business : Get Inspired By The Personal Story Of Award Winning Kenyan Entrepreneur

Gervase Jeneri Wakoli candidly shares his personal story of failures in business. Founder, Zinake and Engoho Kuku Farm, Gervase Wakoli is a Kenyan award winning entrepreneur with a passion for social entrepreneurship, agribusiness, value addition and economic empowerment.

This article is adopted from a Facebook update posted on his personal timeline titled “Failures in Business”. Minor edits have been employed for style and alignment with our editorial policies.

Allow me to narrate to you my business journey. I started farming sukuma with with my big brother after high school. We would sell to ladies who resell at the local market centers. That is when I learnt the hard way that in business, anyone can screw you.

These ladies, my first business partners, would come in the night and harvest our vegetables in gunias (ganny bags) and hide them. We would show up in the morning and they would play us along by harvesting one or two sacks. Our mom knew, but she didn’t bother to tell us. To her, our dabbling in agribusiness was more of hobby.

Cheekily, she would later admit, us braking sweat on the farm made her sleep soundly at night as it kept us away from people’s daughters. A time came and we left for university without a penny from our farming ventures.

Failures In Business: Bigger Play, Bigger Loss, Regulatory Risk & The Burden Of Entrepreneurship

Two years into my studies at the university, I was deported back to Kenya.( I will write about this one day to help those struggling with depression, today’s post it is just about hustling). Later, after picking up the pieces, I got admitted into a local university and there, the hustler bug bit me again.

Once again, I partnered with my two big brothers. We managed to rope in a third partner – our dad – after we convinced him to invest in a bus. Our old man took a loan from **** bank. The things parents can do for their children. We made the first mistake. We bought the wrong bus.

There were these guys in Nairobi‘s industrial area, **** motors, selling second hand Swaraj buses, passing them off as brand new. Haki the bus had the power of a tuk-tuk. We tried to sue as a group of customers…. but you and I well know that Kenya has its owners. Undeterred, we obtained all transport licensing requirements and put the bus on Ngong route 111.

That place is far. Couple the distance, a bus with a tuktuk engine and notorious Nairobi traffic… hello failure.

Free farmer training at Engoho Kuku Farmer farm in Nangili Market, Bungoma County.

Regulatory Risk

First day of business and we were informed that we needed to pay 50k for the route. We did. In the evening we are also to pay Kanjo (City Council Enforcement Police), the police and mungiki Kenya shillings one hundred each per day.

Funny enough, the collector for all the three taxes is the same guy. A fat, short, dark fellow who I still see ‘at work’ whenever I pass by the railways stage. When the first loan repayment fell due, we were short by 50k. That’s despite the hours put in – I used to wake up at 3am and come back to the house at 10pm. I was a walking zombie.

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The Burden Of Entrepreneurship

Our parents urged us to delegate daily management of the bus to the driver and conductor but I refused. This was my idea and I had to see it succeed. One day I fell sick and while i was hospitalized, dad returned the bus to the sellers. On discharge from hospital, the University long holidays were over and so I went back to class.

Once again, it was the end of another business cycle and I had no penny from my sweat. But I at least got an opportunity to spend over eight nights in police cells, and one night in mungiki custody, all in a period of less than three months. Not everyone has achieved that. All thanks to the bus.

Have I have even talked of being robbed at gunpoint? Or serving strange clients like a well known politician dressed in raw cow hide only? My driver used to say: Money is money, the guy smiling at you on the other end of the exchange is the problem. Please, don’t fear to smile at me as this is all behind me now.


When I ventured into business again, it was after university. I understand everyone thought I was crazy. But for me, the failures helped me learn how to cope. Truth is any business can fail. But the lessons you draw from these practical failures are better than any Ivy League business class. Don’t argue with me, I have been schooled in entrepreneurship in both.

If you think my story is worthy reading, take a moment next time you are out and about to talk to a street hawker, tout, mkokoteni guy etc about their hustle. You will realize that it’s not what you sell but how you sell it. Now let me tell you about my current hustles :

  1. If you need a pre-verified, competent temporary worker, we have them registered on our platform. Download the zinake app on playstore. We guarantee you quality service.
  2. If you are in agribusiness, we offer a free record keeping platform ( We also help source quality farm inputs and sell your products at fairest prices.

Merry Christmas fellow hustlers

Know. Own. Be. Live the African Century. Everyday Tips on Life, Style, Entrepreneurship and Careers for the 21st Century African

21st century And All I Got Was This Lousy T-Shirt

Fucktangular, The Coolest Kid Of New Urban Slang Words of 2018

Be Warned! This List Of New Urban Slang Words of 2018 Includes Sensitive Or Vulgar Language. Fucktangular Is The First Among Equals.

Kids these days! If you’ve exclaimed, or at least remarked that way to a situation, you are probably getting too old – or out of touch. If you have heard kids speak and got nauseated at the apparent vulgarity in their language, then you are part of the many late to the party. An urban culture Luddite who, even this late into 2018, is yet to be acquainted with these new urban slang words.

The ‘informal’ language words that feature here are not modern slang words like TBT or lol; though some have echoed in the streets of Dublin, Miami, Lagos, Doha, Accra – basically every nook and cranny of the world with an internet connection and hooked on social media – for better part of the recent past.

These words do not belong to the aristocracy like this list of New Words released by Oxford English dictionary in January. They are of the street and it’s 2018 and the world is already a global village. Meaning, the next cool urban slang word that goes global, literally and figuratively, has a chance of being birthed in Nairobi as much as Cape Town or New York. With that, there is every chance of local sensitivities being violated. We explore the how and why.


A tweet, a retweet, crawled up our timeline – @MMI_MMC – and the majesty of the word popped. Fucktangular, is a word that can’t be unseen once seen. It has to be the coolest new urban slang word of 2018.

Screen shot of the Hanne Blank tweet that went viral making fucktangular the slang word of 2018

You probably will love it if you looked up the original tweet. The replies, their content and flow, are gold. It’s also from replies to this tweet that we discovered other new slang words that feature here. Words, we must add, that are of common lexicon, etymology, essence, meaning and verve.

So 2018

It’s not just how fucktangular and these words fill a ”linguistic void” as one online user put it. It’s how they are so 2018. To put it otherwise, life in the eighteenth year of the 21st century has been these words.

Because how else can one term continuing revelations on the confluence of social media giants’ crisis of ethics and modern information warfare? Perhaps a festering fucktangle of denial, delay, deflection, disinformation and malice towards the inviolability of human autonomy?

How best to term the ongoing genome editing arms race at the lowest ebb in years of the relationship between science, technology and society? Talk of designer babies on demand at this point when the ethics of human subject research is more consensual than binding can only result in a clusterfuck.

As Expected, Intelligentsia Leads The Way

These slang words may not have had the privilege of going mainstream – reports place the first use of fucktangular in twenty twelve, maybe September of twenty eighteen – but this has to be the moment it all changes.

One twitter user gloated of their use of the word at a public meet. Another offered that fucktangular rendered the research jargon ‘wicked problems’ obsolete. And just in case you are wondering who got us here to word nirvana, Hanne Blank offers the answers in a followup tweet:

“Just FYI, the student responsible for bringing the word “fucktangular” to my delighted attention has been alerted to its popularity. Said student, being a university student and an adult, has the right to choose whether to publicly identify themself with it. “

Live The 21st Century: More on Life


The F word in there, hard to ignore isn’t it? We contend the vulgarity is probably the reason for the rise, and rise of these urban slang words. 2018 is an angry moment, especially for those on the left. The right aren’t spared either because, well, the left are angry. The center? True to type, are mad at the anger. It’s hard to tell the egg from the chicken here – precisely the kind of situation that’s a clusterfuck – but this is the moment alright.

screen shot of a tweet explaining the rise of new urban slang words such as fucktangular to the phenomenon of fuckularity


Clusterfuck is the grandfather of all slang words that arise from fuckularity. It has been around for half a decade or so. Going by the screen shots below, it is a noun. Therefore, we can have something like a fucktangular clusterfuck.


On the reply thread of the viral tweet on fucktangular, Twitter user @dshwa brought to light the first three of these other great slang words of 2018.


A mash up of the the words “catastrophe” and “fail”.


One of the older slang words on this list that have gained wider use in 2018. @dshwa defines accitentional as: Claiming a lucky occurrence was the plan all along.


@dshwa defines voluntold as: When the boss asks you if you’d be interested in a project / role in way that’s clear that they are actually assigning it to you regardless.


It’s taken a while for this one to get going. Attributed to right wing comedian and TV show host Jeff Foxworthy. Urban Dictionary has its definition simply as: A combination of “pandemonium” and “delirium”.


Clusterfucktastrophe found its way to urban vernacular at a time in the he 21st century similar to such a moment that has given us fucktangular. A time of anger of global scale.

Towards twenty ten, in the depth of the financial crisis, humanity as it is today battled with ideology. The question then, as now, was: Is capitalism and neoliberlisim the social contracts to end world hunger, poverty, ill health and usher world peace? Then, as now, we asked ourselves: Is going green the solution? How would we bring an end to a senseless war (Iraq then, Syria today)?

Urban Dictionary defines clusterfucktastrrophe as: An unnecessarily complicated calamity resulting from a series of poorly executed decisions or events


If crap could assume form and take shape. An adjective, anyone?


Remember the Putin – MBS bro hug at the G20 summit in Argentina that got everyone talking? Well, that was brotocracy in full flow. The reliable Urban Dictionary defines a brotocracy as: an institution or organization (i.e. schools, business, etc.) that is dominated by bros.

Screeen shot of tweet that uses the Putin-MBS handshake at the G20 conference in Argentina to explain menaing of slang word brotocracy.

Know. Own. Be. Live the African Century. Everyday Tips on Life, Style, Entrepreneurship and Careers for the 21st Century African

Fashion & Style

The Complete High Heels, Stilettos, & Strappy Heels Bible

Did you know that high-heeled shoes give a woman a graceful walk; and the illusion of legs that go on for miles on end? A woman in heels is a lioness walking in slow mo. They move with a slink- stalk which is both captivating and powerful. Deadly too, perhaps enchanting as heels make the haunches sashay naturally- and we know hips don’t lie.

Besides, stilettos make the wearer appear taller. Throw in a good pair, and in an instant, a petite woman becomes more statuesque. And we all know what a few extra inches does to our confidence, right?

Still a woman who can run in heels is fierce…in a very good way. Story for another day. For our sisters, the full bodied woman, heels will make you appear more slender. By emphasizing the natural curve of your spine, heels gives the illusion of  elongating your body.  They make you look slimmer, more streamlined so to say. We all know that flats make you appear “matronly”….. most times that is! Matronly isn’t exactly a versatile look.


Heels accentuate your legs. They alter your posture, elongating your legs and making them look leaner and more defined. Coupled with the right beauty routine, heels give your legs a toned sexy look.

Throw in makeup done right – simple as too much makeup and heels = tacky. Get the right length of weave for the occasion – once again heels have a way of pushing beauty statements over the top. The right underwear to match your outfit – commando, comfort or flirty your choice. Remember to spice it up with good fragrance and go own the world girl.

Mostly, I like them heels, lets face it, because of the subtle lift they give the hind parts. Even if you are ‘tiny’ like me, all it takes is for a few inches off the ground to have a good day.


Do walk heel to toe. The only way to look natural is to put your heel down first, then shift the balance to your toes. This is the no. 1 rule when wearing heels.

A journey of a thousand miles begins with a fabulous pair of shoes. Invest in a few great pairs of high-heeled shoes. When shopping for stilettos with the intention of building your own mini collection, if you can, go for the fearsome three: fabulous black, nude and boot heels.

As demonstrated in the video, do take small steps when you walk in heels. Taking short strides ensures that your weight is balanced so you don’t tip over.

Do make sure that your shoes fit perfectly. Ill-fitting footwear makes it difficult to walk and may lead to ankle sprains, blisters and ugly foot corns. If too big, try adding shoe pads and insoles. If too small, just drop them.

Do wear heels made of leather. Leather is the best material for heels because it can expand to give your feet breathing room. Leather heels are pliable allowing one to twitch and stretch their toes and improve blood circulation to your feet

Finally, ladies be confident in heels. The easiest way to portray confidence is to speak fluently. Work on your diction rather than your mastery of the dictionary. Whichever your choice of language – English, vernacular or Swahili – strive for clarity.


Don’t buy only ‘super’ long heels. Make sure you own heels of different heights for different occasions. When you know you will be on your feet for longer, wear a cute pair of kitten heels instead of stilettos. It helps to carry a pair of flats in your handbag for a quick change if you have to walk long distances across town.

Don’t start by diving into the deep end of the pool. Start with a 1″ to 2″ heel and work your way slowly to that 5″ Louboutin stiletto. Ensure the shoes are wide enough for your feet and fit comfortably.

Don’t walk in a V-pattern in high-heeled shoes. Practice your walk. Imagine walking on a tight rope. Your legs will be slightly crossing each other as you walk. That is how you should walk in heels. You should sashay. Practice walking in a slow and confident manner that makes people notice you. Glide nonchalantly.

Don’t wear high heels on your walk to and from work or when you have to walk a long stretch to catch a bus or when out and about shopping and running errands. On such days, your feet will thank you for popping a pair of fold-out flats into your bag to wear after a long day in heels.

If you are going to an outdoor event, wedding or funeral, do not wear stilettos or other pointed heels. They’ll inevitably sink in the ground/grass.

Do not wear heels to a date if you are planning to get plastered. Heels and lots of alcohol equals the ghastly sight akin to a grasshopper in heels. Its a total turn off.

Live The 21st Century: More Glam and Style


To answer the key question when out shopping of  heels. we have to consider three things. What’s the right heel range for work (i.e the occasion), which type (high or low rises, stilettos, strappy heels or wedges?) and color. We don’t want to turn the office into a seduction field through the power of the heel.

artistic representation of a gold high heel

1.5″ is perfect when you want a little lift. It’s feminine but practical.

2″ provides enough lift to give your step a spring, but not too high that the balls of your feet will be aching at the end of the day.

3″ is the classic heel size and is perfect for office wear. Looks great in a round, pointed or peep toe.

4″ is sassy and classy and perfect for evening dinners and after work activities. Also great for weekends out with the girls.

4.5″ gives height and stability of a platform and look gorgeous in stiletto. Although high, can give you mileage.

6″ heel is gorgeous but very high and not for everybody and that’s OK.

The Cinderella complex

Don’t be victim to the Cinderella complex. This is when women do things like try to fit a size 9 foot into a size 7 shoe because it is dope. This on stilettos is a prescription for embarrassing  disaster.

For colour, stick to the classic blacks, browns and navy blues if in a conservative office environment. If in a liberal office set up, you can explore different shoe colors to match your outfit or handbag or belt. Just ensure not to look like a baby doll or a cartoon characters.

For the ENDOWED, wedges and thicker heels are advised.


Q What can I do to avoid developing mazgwembe (prominent ‘manly’ calf muscles) because of heels?

Vary your heel height. Alternate between very high, medium, low heels and flats. Vary the heel design too – from stilettos to chunky heels to wedges.

I Swear, My Stilettos Fit When I bought Them. Now They Can’t For All My Maneuvers

Have you tried some lube? Just kidding! Always fit shoes and try walking around in them to confirm their fit and comfort and whether they will sustain your weight. It is also advisable to purchase shoes in the afternoon after your feet have naturally expand

My back gets tired so fast,what could be the problem?

Check that the shoe is the right fit and comfortable. Consider heel height and design too. Keep varying this to avoid straining your backbones and spine.

However, even with all the tricks, continued use of very high-heeled shoes can eventually lead to back pains and harm the integrity the musculoskeletal support of your spinal column.

Posture. It is all about posture. Walk with your shoulders back, engage your abs and place the balls of your feet down before you touch your heels to the ground.

I’m team click-clack, What to do?

Like click-clacking in heels in hallways attracting unnecessary attention ?

Permanent solution: Take your pumps to a cobbler for rubber soles and rubber heel tips. But you wouldn’t risk that with a $100 shoe or would you?

It goes back to your walk: Glide instead of taking short quick steps. Ensure shoes fit well. Constant slipping on and off makes them noisier.

Temporarily, you can add masking or duck tape to the heel tips. Hideous but what to do?

Try buying shoes with patented noise-reducing heel tips which are designed to be quiet.


I just realized heels are not a modern invention. Yeah, women have been putting up with these torture devices for centuries. From platforms, pumps, heels to stilettos some quirky facts about these loved form of shoe.

Quotes on Heels 

Fake it till we make it…if we do it in high heels, the better.


Life is short, your heels shouldn’t be.

-Brian Atwood-

99% Of Women on Heels & Other Embarrassing Heels Stories 

99% of women who wear heels have undergone this: It once happened to me. Outside a supermarket in town and the heel just gave way. I didn’t have an extra pair. I just hopped back into the car and drove up to a shoe store, walked in bare footed to get some sandals. That was one loooooong day. Ladies, always carry superglue in your purse, just in case your heels breaks or shoe glue comes apart (accidents happen).

99% of women who wear stilettos to work suffer this routine. This is the typical day of a lady on heels. 

  1. Wear the stilletos from house to car, change-wear flats for driving.
  2. Arrive at destination, change from flats to heels, walks to office.
  3. Once in office, change to flats that are kept in the office.
  4. Lunch time, wear stilettos, go out for lunch. Come back, wear office flats.
  5. End of day, wear heels to evening dates or appointments.
  6. For ladies without cars, wear heels but carry flats in bag. Suffer walking long distances in heels. When fatigue become unbearable, change to flats for the rest of the day and carry the stilettos.

But ladies, why?

Tit Bits & Uncomfortable Truths About Heels

Someone told me if you have a stressful issue instead of drinking
yourself silly, you put on a stilettos 1 or 2 sizes lower. Your attention
will be on your toes throughout.

What looks good on Kim Kardashian or Mrs. J’kogelo, may not look good on you.

Driving in stilettos is pretty dangerous. You may fail to hit the breaks when you really need to.

It is not cool to be seen struggling to strut along uhuru park in 6″ after work. Why break your spine? There is a shoe for every occasion. .

Heels may be all the rage, but they are not flattering if you have bow legs. Bow legs and ugly knees can be fashion nightmares if not suited well. But there are ways to flatter your figure and still be on-trend by drawing attention to other areas of your body.


  • Keep off Capri, Bermuda shorts, stretch jeans and vertical-stripe tights.
  • Wear long pants , not too fitted though as that tends to draw the eye away from the knee or the shape of the leg.
  • Avoid straight skirts that hit at the knee since they draw the eye to the area you are disguising – not so sightly knees or particularity luscious long legs.
  • Choose longer, fuller, flowing skirts.

Bless whoever invented heels.

Know. Own. Be. Live the African Century. Everyday Tips on Life, Style, Entrepreneurship and Careers for the 21st Century African

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Jay-Z’s $200-million Clothing Battle Could Be Game Changer for Black Lawyers The World Over

MMIMMC has not infrequently gleaned from the hustle of hip hop gods – most recently we deciphered Notorious B.I.G’s hit 10 Crack Commandments for the 21st century entrepreneur – for business advice. Shawn Carter, aka Jay-Z, net worth $900 million in 2018, has to be the el patrón when it comes to rappers turned entrepreneurs. But as the following article reminds us, staying at the top of the game is a constant battle.

BY  Gbenga Oduntan, University of Kent

Millionaire rapper Shawn Carter, aka Jay-Z, has proved yet again why he is larger than life. He is embroiled in a contractual dispute over the US$204m (£159m) sale of his clothing brand to Iconix Brand Group a decade ago.

In a twist that has now thrown the world of arbitration into a frenzy, Jay-Z recently won a temporary decision from a New York court to halt the process on the grounds there aren’t enough black arbitrators to settle it fairly within the terms of the contract. If this argument ultimately carries the day, it will require a severe reorganisation and opening up of the arbitration profession, one of the most cliquish corners of the legal business – and not just in America, but around the world.

Like many business contracts, the original Jay-Z/Iconix deal agreed that any disputes would be settled by a commercial arbitration process. The contract stipulated that the parties would use arbitrators provided by the American Arbitration Association (AAA).

But as part of a dispute over intellectual property rights, Jay-Z’s lawyers are arguing that the arbitration clause is invalid because they could not “identify a single African-American arbitrator on the ‘Large and Complex Cases’ roster” provided by the association. Even when the AAA went through its expanded list of 200 potential arbitrators, it could only identify three African-Americans – one of whom was ineligible to come on board because they work for the law firm representing Iconix.

Jay-Z’s lawyers argued before the New York Supreme Court that white arbitrators exhibit “unconscious bias” towards black defendants; and that the AAA’s lack of racial diversity consequently “deprives litigants of colour of a meaningful opportunity to have their claims heard by a panel of arbitrators reflecting their backgrounds and life experience”. The procedure, they went on, “deprives black litigants … of the equal protection of the laws, equal access to public accommodations, and mislead consumers into believing that they will receive a fair and impartial adjudication”.

The New York Supreme Court’s decision to grant a stay on the back of these arguments is unprecedented and will become legendary within the profession. And unlike traditional courts, where judges are usually only bound to follow decisions within the same jurisdiction, arbitration is essentially one global system. If New York decides that these are the rules, the effects will be felt around the world.

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What the case has highlighted is that arbitrators in the US, but also in most Western societies, are disproportionately white, male and aged. The same is true of courts, but more is arguably expected from arbitrators as the field of recruitment is wider – with less emphasis on legal training and professional qualifications.

This situation is hardly surprising given that big law firms are the incubation beds for commercial arbitrators. The chances of being appointed by businesses to settle highly complex matters like Jay-Z’s case increase exponentially if the arbitrator works in the so-called golden circle of law firms, and this is where the shortage begins.

Not what enough lawyers look like.

Don’t tell anyone this, but the law firm representing Jay-Z, Quinn Emanuel, itself has a big diversity deficit at partner level, with only three African-American partners listed in a list of almost 300. Even if the firm were allowed to supply black arbitrators to handle Jay-Z’s case itself, it wouldn’t be able to. If black partners are this scarce, you might as well look for black unicorns to fill arbitration panels.

The shortage is just as problematic in complex international arbitrations. In 2013, around a third of the parties to the International Chamber of Commerce Court of Arbitration were from Africa, Asia and the Pacific. Since then, just 15% of appointees were from those regions. Meanwhile, appointments of African arbitrators at the Permanent Court of Arbitration and black judges at the World Court are proportionately very low.

There are few renowned non-white arbitrators in international petroleum negotiation – despite the fact that nearly 60% of petroleum is produced outside Europe and North America. There are even fewer developing-world experts in international boundary disputes. Arguably developing countries are constantly shortchanged in international justice as a result.


How do we address this issues? We could throw the burden back on the likes of Jay-Z by saying he should have fought for diversity in arbitrators at the drafting stage of his sales contract. That may well be what the court ultimately does in his case, but what then?

It is generally accepted that contractual specifications about arbitration cannot violate national laws. These would include race discrimination laws, though the limits of this were shown in a relatively recent UK judgement, Jivraj v Hashwani (2011). Here, the contract stipulated that arbitrators had to be respected Muslim members of the Ismaili community. When challenged as racial discrimination, the Supreme Court decided that the relevant UK laws only applied to employees and not to arbitrators because they were not employees.

But if that left the likes of Jay-Z free to push for African-American arbitrators as part of business contracts, there is still the problem of a general dearth of them. If he does ultimately lose his case in New York, it will still have highlighted this gap in the market. Perhaps in future, black dealmakers will insist on any arbitration taking place somewhere with more black arbitrators.

The bottom line is that we need recruitment programmes to encourage black arbitrators now, and to recognise that those in place should be more frequently offered for appointments so that they are experienced enough to handle large complex cases. And to fix the current shortage, we also have to address the diversity issues in the legal profession as a whole.

The Conversation

Too often at present, we’re kidding ourselves. The American Arbitration Association has a programme to mentor diverse young arbitrators, and promises lists of arbitrators of at least 20% diversity, for example. But it is only able to offer this proportion by lumping together all diversity including gender, age and ethnic background – and 20% is hardly a great achievement anyway. If demand for more black representation rises and centres for arbitration like New York and London don’t offer enough people, new rivals may well step up to the plate.

Gbenga Oduntan, Reader (Associate Professor) in International Commercial Law, University of Kent

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Know. Own. Be. Live the African Century. Everyday Tips on Life, Style, Entrepreneurship and Careers for the 21st Century African

Ask Kharunda Your Career

Job Interview Questions: What To Expect

Today, I’ll do a quick one. This blog post provides an overview of the flow and nature of job interview questions in a classic job interview. It is a general guide of what-you-must be prepared to answer, rather than what-you-have to know. Many thanks to frequent readers of my column here, #AskKharunda, for your useful feedback that inspired this blog post.

What I offer here is not a substitute for professional career coaching advice or HR expertise. These are notes from personal experience: either as the interviewer or as a job seeker, who has failed a fair share of job interview questions.

Question One: First of all keep time. Time keeping is the first job interview question. It’s a question that’s not vocalized when asked, but rather observed. It is part of the larger question about your punt for the job: Are you dressed appropriately? What vibes does your body language speak? How well do you communicate?

Question Two: Every interview of begins with greetings. Be proactive with the greetings. Spread the love, but as in every social situation, be astute in recognizing situations that require you to be the dove rather than the hawk – You can greet the panel or can wait to be greeted.

Question Three: I like to call this the listening test. It is designed to test your ability to take instructions (train-ability) and to allow the interviewee gather their wits before the questions roll (ability to work under pressure). Often, after the salutations, the interviewers might offer an introduction of the organization and position.

It often includes the organization’s history, vision, mission and culture. Possibly an overview of the advertised vacancy background, expectations and duty station . If this is the path chosen, do what’s expected of you to ace this and the coming job interview questions- listen!

Interjections or other forms of negative vibe like twitching, coughing or turning the session into a show of your clumsiness is a fail. Then one of the panelists will then shoot the first “straight’ question.

Question Four: This is often a straight question gleaned off information that you provided in your resume. It can be anything as awkward as , “Tell us about yourself”. This looks like a very simple question. But it is the question that can make or break you. Mentioning that your father was once a seminarian or that your mother is the chair lady of the local chapter of women in entrepreneurship probably isn’t the best use of this opportunity.

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This question guides subsequent questions, often to clarify, unless the interview is very structured. If too many clarification questions are asked, it might mean that your credentials don’t add up. That you are a fake. Or have some other serious flaw for the interview panel not to have heard about your career exploits. Often it’s just a cue that it’s about time to get a professional resume done. 

Question Five: This is the billion dollar question: What are your salary expectations?  Lets clear the first misconception about this most laden of job interview questions. It does not mean that you have gotten the job. Far from it. Often, the panel is weighing your offer as a surrogate of your greed or modesty. The figure you mouth could at best be useful in  providing a base to counteroffer to the best candidate.

Cynicism aside, what if you are best candidate for the job? If you did your background search well, then you’ll comfortably answer this. It is wise to give a salary range. If you do not have an answer, express to the interview panel your comfort in fitting within their salary scales.

5 Quick Tips To Ace Job Interview Questions

  1. Posture is power. Sit upright, head high, shoulders up. Feet flat but not crossed. Look at the panelists straight in the face as you talk. Do not fidget with anything.
  2. Talk confidently. Practice before a mirror, in front of a spouse. Take up roles at your local church/community that demand effective communication.
  3. Tactfully avoid areas of competencies that you are not very good at. Remember to highlight special encounters in your previous duties that closely tie in with the current position.
  4. Gracefully link your answers to the job interview questions to your CV. Do not take too  long answering questions. Practice being succinct. Let the panel know when you are through with your answer.
  5. A good number of questions will then come from the job advert. These will mostly query your competencies. If you read the advert well and incorporated it in your CV by using it as a guide in crossing t’s and doting the i’s then this part will be a walk over.

Finally, when the interview panel asks if you got a question for them, you can decline the offer if the interview process gave you sufficient reason to. Normally though, this is an opportunity to find out how long it will take to hear from them if you are he successful candidate.

Know. Own. Be. Live the African Century. Everyday Tips on Life, Style, Entrepreneurship and Careers for the 21st Century African

21st century Thinking Out Loud

Making A New Year Resolution List? Why Blogging Should Be Top In 2019

Blogging can be such a reward. Whether you start your blog or vlog as a hobby or as a side hustle, you’ll soon appreciate that the little joys of the blogging lifestyle can make living in the 21st century a dream. Because a blog is what a dog was to the nineties. A gold fish to the eighties. Or a pet iguana to the seventies. Here’s why blogging should top your New Year resolution list in 2019. 

The best things in life are free. Immense beauty lies in subtlety. Life has a way of hiding from us its sweetest side. You never know that the pleasant surprise, that awww moment, is there until it happens. Like when Max, your terrier, fetches the freebie that first time. Or waking up Saturday morning to feed the fish in the fish tank, only to find extra mouths – little mouths only hours old – coming up for food.

Blogging Is A Fest of AWWW Moments

I still remember that day in April of 1993, barely weeks after we got acquainted, when I taught my puppy, Scooby, its first trick – to lie on its back and shake my hand. Blogging has a way of making such moments become real. It has a way, just like life, to show you what you have been missing.

A particular late hour of a day in 2010, early in my blogging life is still fresh on my mind. That night I had managed to write down my first piece of code. It was a simple design tweak for my blog, Moran in the City, some so many hours after signing on Google’s blogger. But it meant much more beyond the confidence boost that comes with learning something new. At that moment, I knew I had the keys to another world, another existence with different rules.

Blogging is moments unforgettable. Technology moments when you spare a thought to contemplate Virginia Scott’s bestseller “How Google Changed the World”. Blogging is about the possibilities of technology. It unravels the world. Lets you in on the the foresight of Steven Spielberg’s Tom Cruise stared blockbuster “Minority Report” – adapted from Philip K. Dick’s short story, “The Minority Report”.

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Successful Blogging Is The Price You Name

Success blogging is more egalitarian than most other endeavors. The rewards do differ depending on your goal: internet entrepreneur or purist out to teach a philosophy; but they mean the same to each.

If the reason why blogging tops your New Year resolution list is because you are embarking on a quest to share your life passion, there is always a kindred soul somewhere.

Maybe you are embarking on the hustle of making  your voice heard above the online buzz as a social media influencer. It’s never lonely out there. You’ll find humans ready to help you along – scratch your back as you scratch theirs.

If the goal is everyday tech experiences. To contribute – thus commune a mere mortal as yourself with gods like Linus Torvalds – to the lifetime work of 21st century Einsteins, there are plenty of gigs. Jump onto a bandwagon, write code and explain code by blogging away your experience.

Successful Blogging Is The Price You Name

Success blogging is more egalitarian than most other endeavors. The rewards do differ depending on your goal: internet entrepreneur or purist out to teach a philosophy; but they mean the same to each.

If the reason why blogging tops your New Year resolution list is because you are embarking on a quest to share your life passion, there is always a kindred soul somewhere.

Maybe you are embarking on the hustle of making  your voice heard above the online buzz as a social media influencer. It’s never lonely out there. You’ll find humans ready to help you along – scratch your back as you scratch theirs.

If the goal is everyday tech experiences. To contribute – thus commune a mere mortal as yourself with gods like Linus Torvalds – to the lifetime work of 21st century Einsteins, there are plenty of gigs. Jump onto a bandwagon, write code and explain code by blogging away your experience.

Know. Own. Be. Live the African Century. Everyday Tips on Life, Style, Entrepreneurship and Careers for the 21st Century African